Tuesday, November 15, 2016

Global Indigeneity and Sustainability Seminar














November 8, 2016

Filiberto Penados - Engaged Scholarship and Service Learning Director, Center for Engaged Learning Abroad, Belize
Paul Robbins - Director, Nelson Institute of Environmental Sciences, UW-Madison

Filiberto Penado’s topic: “Colonialism, Sustainability and Maya Land Rights: Challenges to the Real Plan” was about Belize’s colonization by the British. Belize is the only English speaking country in South America. Colonization brought about changes to the indigenous communities of Belize.

Filiberto told us a story of a farmer. The farmer had a relationship with the land, providing for his family. The Real Plan was an abundance of food. The farmer grew everything so his children did not have to want. The children grew, went to school, and go to the city to work. When they come back they do not like the food. This hurts the “Real Plan” there is no relationship with the land, the society loses sovereignty, and the importance of land rights to survive decline. Land rights and the importance of land mean survival. Land and the relationship with land is like “constructing a ship to navigate the rough seas of capitalism.”

Filiberto spent Tuesday at the College of Menominee Nation visiting with Sustainability Leaadership Cohort students and passing out information about studying abroad in Belize. I also spent time visiting with him comparing the similarity of native indigenous communities with those in Belize . We talked about our gardens. Our gardens are similar because we grow foods that are consumed by our families. Gardening is important to both of our communities.


Paul Robbins presented about “Producing wildlife: reconciling biodiversity, commodity production and labor rights in India. The Adivasi is the umbrella term for the heterogeneous set of ethnic and tribal groups considered the aboriginal postulation. The Adivasi inhabit the land area next to a region established for animal conservation. Through the laws of the Court of India the Adivasi cannot harvest, collect or graze on this land. The locals respond by not doing these activities if there is threat of officials finding out. In many cases local authorities look the other way. The practices of the Adivasi have not affected the animal population in any adverse way. The Adivasi go about their herding without hurting the animals in the hills. While a goat may be sacrificed to the jaguar the loss is not noticeable. Climate change has been the biggest factor in animal conservation. The droughts of the area are longer and when the monsoon season comes this causes land erosion. Loss of habitat and food sources then occur. 

Thursday, November 3, 2016

Cultural People's Survival in the Modern World

Cloconda Corello was the first presenter her topic:  “Networks of care: Buddhist Environmental Education in Thailand. Small Buddhist communities in Thailand incorporate sustainability using indigenous faith that makes a citizen that take care of human and non- human. On small farms they will combine nature and work activity to actualize a socially driven friendship of interconnectedness. She worked on a farm on the outskirts of Bangkok that focused on dhammajati. Dhammajati is using the way of nature to reap the spiritual benefits of living, seeking the help of the entire system. She talked about the markets where the vendors share information on what the community needs.
Armando Muyolema,  Andean,  the second presenter his topic was, “Institutions and Human Behavior, Perceptions and Attitudes”. The presentation was about the preservation of the Quechua language and the survival of the Andean world. He spoke about indigenous people’s right to indigenous language and knowledge in the education system. Muyolema gave several examples of how the Ecuadorian government suppressed the indigenous language focusing on using “Castellanizacion”, the only language used in schools. He talked about the Quechua language and knowledge of the indigenous people not being used when teaching students. He showed photos of the schools remarking many are very modern and nice but do not allow the students to be indigenous. 

Putting The Turtle Garden to Bed for Winter


The SDI staff and interns put the Turtle Garden at SDI to bed for the winter. The Turtle Garden is a project started in the spring of 2014. The garden was developed from ideas brought forward at community engagement meetings involving the concept of food sovereignty. The garden is planted in the shape of a turtle with 13 garden plots, for the 13 cycles of the moon. The shape and 13 garden plots represent the outer shell of a turtle’s back.  Individual plots are adopted and planted by SDI interns, CMN students and the community. Produce from the garden is also sold at the campus Farmer’s Market, Kehtekaewak (they eat food) during summer and fall.


Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Fall Harvest: Wild Rice Casserole Baked in a Pumpkin













Take one medium size pumpkin and hollow out the inside. Cut the top off big enough to scoop out the casserole. Once stuffed you will place the top back on the pumpkin.

Stuffing:

Boil carrots, celery, and onion in chicken broth covering vegetables. Boil until they are partially tender. Season to taste salt, pepper and sage.

Mix vegetables when done with cooked wild rice and one can of cream of chicken or celery.

Add in cooked cubed chicken. Mix together.

Put the mixture into the hollowed pumpkin placing the lid back on. Make several pierces along the sides of the pumpkin.

Cook the now stuffed pumpkin on a baking sheet or pan in a hot oven of 350 degrees for around 1 hour for a big pumpkin or smaller 45 minutes. Test with a fork for tenderness.


Enjoy (:

Recipe by: Dolly Potts


Thursday, October 20, 2016

Field Trip to the Menominee Forest with the Ashwaubenon High School Conservation Class


Yesterday, I accompanied my Mentor for a field trip with the Ashwaubenon High School class. It was a warm, pleasant day and the forest was in its fall regalia. The leaves were colors of red and gold. We began our morning with a walk on the learning path here at CMN. Dean Fellman, Center for First American Forestlands Director, talked with the class about the forest management and sustainability practices of the Menominee Nation. The class had questions about the age and number of the tree species in the forest. Some of the White Pine are at least one hundred years old.

Our next stop was Keshena Falls, then we moved on to the Wolf River Dells. We were honored to have as our guide Jeff Grignon, a forester with the Menominee Nation. Jeff talked about two aspen clear cuts on the way so the students were able to see the amount of growth and diversity in each plot. At the Dells we hiked a half mile trail to a spot on the rocks overlooking the Wolf River. After lunch, Jeff spoke to the class about the relationship of the trees to the environment around them. He emphasized how each mother tree took care of all the plants surrounding her. Jeff compared the trees to humans and how we each are a part of a community. The students then had time to explore their surroundings and learn from the forest.

The last stop of our trip was to the beautiful Woodland Bowl of the Menominee. At the beginning of the trip staff was given a list of questions the students had. On the list were several questions about a Powwow. Jeff and I spoke about what goes on at a powwow,  the reason for dancing in a circle and how the being outdoors was special to Native people.  I invited the students to join us for the Powwow in August and explained that everyone is welcome to come learn from us and experience the dancing styles and contests. I spoke on the importance of diversity of people to learn from each other. It was a wonderful day out in the woods on a splendid fall day.

Friday, October 14, 2016

What I learned about the Sami Indigenous People attending the Global Indigeneity Seminar


After attending the Global Indigeneity and Sustainability Seminar, Monday, October 10, 2016 many understandings came to light. The purpose of the seminar series is to promote opportunities for students, community, and faculty to learn about other Indigenous peoples around the world. The seminar has certainly been a learning experience for me and I hope to motivate others to attend the upcoming sessions. Attendees will learn of the wonderful diversity of the world such as, the Sami Indigenous people, who I was informed of on Monday.

Thomas DuBois, a presenter from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, talked in length about the culture of the Sami people. The Sami people live in four countries: Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. The Sami are reindeer herders as well as hunter/gatherers. Reindeer husbandry is divided into groups. The bigger herds are allowed to graze on the Scandinavian landscape. Sami use these for meat, fur and antler. Smaller herds, contained on farms, are used for dairy products like milk and cheese. Historically, Sami people moved with the herds of reindeer, practicing a sustainable existence with the animals and land. Families still practice this today coming out of the cities to herd the reindeer for seasonal grazing.

Thomas DuBois talked about the Sami people’s authority on issues concerning culture, cultural heritage, reindeer farming and education. Land use by the Sami belongs to the “crown”(government) and farmers own their lands. Reindeer migration has been disrupted by changing landscape. Governments have built dams and changed borders. The government realizes that having Sami people at the table when decisions are made is better for everyone. Sami people want the government to respect their traditional rights to land and water.

The next speaker Tim Frandy was from Northland College in Ashland, WI. Traditionally Sami relationship with the natural environment is traditional. This relationship was expressed when Tim Frandy related this in a story about “The Winter Moth”.

In 1967, the northern tundra was visited by a moth which ate the bark of the birch tree and soon many of the trees died out. Scientists were alarmed and scrambled to come up with a way to get rid of the moth. When a member of the community was asked about the dilemma he advised that nature would deal with the moth. Scientist predicted the moth would take away a food source for reindeer and result in weight loss. The results were as the traditionalist thought. The reindeer did not lose anything in fact there were fat reindeer! Reindeer eat many types of plants, not just birch and the tree loss gave other vegetation a chance to grow. Moth droppings fertilized the soil and more grass remained good and green under the snow. Sami people used their knowledge gained through traditional and modern practices to adapt to changes in nature while being sustainable.

As we go about our days on Mother Earth, we often hear issues in the news about the environment and the ecosystems we live in. Be mindful; respect and love are the key elements of our world. Celebrate the diversity of our world. The seminars have brought this important lesson to the forefront for me. It amazed me that a people on the other side of the world in Scandinavian countries share attributes that resemble those of natives in Wisconsin. There are many more Global Indigeneity and Sustainability seminars every Monday in the Library Classroom at College of Menominee Nation.